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The Newbie’s Guide to Cannabinoids

When you ask a newcomer to the marijuana hobby, what made them start smoking, the answer is usually to do with friends or relatives. If you keep asking further, chances are not many will know what exactly about cannabis products that attracts them. Most might say the high, without much elaboration or thoughts on what causes it.

In this article, we want to provide a good basis for what cannabinoids are, the types that exist, and everything you need to know in case someone asks you.

Marijuana Plant Leaf

What are Cannabinoids?

If you’ve ever wondered why smoking weed gets you high – it’s because of cannabinoids. These are different chemical compounds found in cannabis that enact with the human endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for the psychoactive effects we feel. There are numerous cannabinoids found in marijuana and each have a slightly different effect than others.

How Many Cannabinoids Are There?

Over 120 unique cannabinoids can be found in organic marijuana plants. By and large, most people regard THC as the most important aspect of any weed product. The benefits and traits of cannabinoids haven’t come into the limelight until only a decade ago when scientists started exploring it further. 

When these different cannabinoids combine and act together, they create what is called “the entourage effect.” This effect is manifested in the human body as all of those cannabinoid compounds interact with the endocannabinoid system in combination with each other, creating specific health benefits not normally achievable and producing the feeling of “getting high”.

What Are The Different Cannabinoids?

As stated above, there are over 120 different cannabinoids found in natural cannabis flower. Many of said cannabinoids can be found in hemp as well. With hemp, however, you won’t find any of the psychoactive cannabinoids found in marijuana that are responsible for getting you high. Here is a short list of some of the main cannabinoids and their potential medicinal properties:

The Main Cannabinoids

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) – provides anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, sleep aid, analgesic, appetite stimulating effects. Also a psychoactive property for getting high
Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) – provides anti-epilectic, analgesic effects
Cannabidiol (CBD) – anti-bacterial property; one of the most well known medical cannabinoids. Relieves anxiety, bodily pains, and helps sleep and appetite
Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA) – anti-inflammatory property, anti-cancer
Cannabinol (CBN) – analgesic, anti-diabetic, sleep aid
Cannabigerol (CBG) – anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory
Cannabichromene (CBC) – analgesic, anti-proliferative
Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) – appetite stimulant, anti-epileptic

FAQs About Cannabinoids

What is the difference between cannabinoids and cannabidiol?

CBD, otherwise known as cannabidiol, is one of the most valuable compounds found in marijuana. It is one of the cannabinoids that can be found in the plant, and is beneficial for relieving muscle soreness, anxiety, depression, and other negative conditions. Unlike THC, it does not yield psychoactive effects.

What Cannabinoids Are in CBD Oil?

CBD oils are usually made up predominantly of Cannabidiol, otherwise known as CBD. However, other compounds may also be present depending on the type of CBD oil you have. Full spectrum oil utilizes all naturally occurring cannabinoids in marijuana, including THC. Broad spectrum on the other hand features almost all types of cannabinoids with the exclusion of THC. Lastly, CBD isolate are usually very specific to the type of cannabinoids it contains, with CBD being the main carrier.

How Many Cannabinoids Are in a Hemp Plant?

Both hemp and marijuana are categorized as cannabis, with just over 100 cannabinoids found in hemp. The difference between hemp and marijuana is that the latter contains much higher THC levels, thus causing the user to experience psychoactive effects.